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Virtual reality allows surgeons to walk through the human heart

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Virtual reality allows surgeons to walk through the human heart

When Brayden Otten was born, his tiny heart, about the size of a walnut, couldn’t effectively pump his blood. A team of surgeons at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center managed to save his life with some workarounds to help his blood circulate, but even then, they knew those solutions were not perfect or permanent. Brayden enjoyed a relatively normal childhood, according to the Cincinnati Enquirer, but his doctors knew that without further interventions, heart failure was inevitable. And so at 12, Brayden found himself back in the operating, room, but this time, his surgeons had a new and exciting tool in their arsenal: virtual reality (VR).

Brayden’s medical team worked with a 3D medical imaging specialist to create a model of Brayden’s heart that allowed surgeons to “walk” into his heart instead of relying on images and a 3D-printed model. According to Brayden’s surgeon, instead of reprinting the model every time he wanted to change his plan, he simply had to hit reset and he could dive in again. With VR, his surgeons were able to plan a procedure that would have otherwise required several surgeries and increased the risk of complications and other surprises. Brayden himself was able to explore the virtual operating room, the tools that would be used, and take a walk inside his own heart.

The procedure itself, which took 12 hours, went perfectly, and Brayden’s recovery is going well.

While the use of 3D VR in cardiothoracic surgery is still somewhat new and surgeons are still experimenting with the best applications, preliminary data is promising. One study, published in the European Heart Journal in 2020, suggests that the immersive technology is more useful in preoperative planning than flat two-dimensional images. Cardiothoracic surgery, the study authors note, has become incredibly complex over the decades and a surgeon must think in three dimensions to effectively plan and perform complicated procedures.

According to the Vanderbilt University Medical Center, very few pediatric cardiac surgery centers currently use virtual reality, but mounting evidence of its benefits will likely translate into broader availability at more hospitals.

A literature review published in the Annals of Thoracic Medicine concluded that even though virtual reality is off to a promising start in the field of cardiothoracic surgery, more research and refinement are still needed to fully understand all the applications.

How music can help heal a broken heart

What song makes your heart pound? Do you get breathless from “Total Eclipse of the Heart?” Does Whitney Houston’s cover of “I Will Always Love You” get you going? Or maybe you’re old school and nothing makes your pulse race quite like the final movement of Beethoven’s Symphony No. 9. Whatever your preference, humans have always felt an innate connection between music and their hearts. And according to Scientific American, that ancient instinct is helping modern physicians diagnose and treat today’s cardiac patients.

Heart rhythm disorders, such as arrhythmia and atrial fibrillation, create complex tones that are audible through the stethoscope. In an article for the Lancet, nephrologist Michael Fields describes how he uses musical analogies to teach cardiac auscultation to medical students.According to Fields, describing heart tones in musical terms is a useful tool to help new physicians acquire this notoriously difficult skill.

According to Frontiers in Physiology, another group of researchers used a scene from a movie that pairs high tension with a fast-paced musical score to study how strong emotions influence heart cells. Their data may explain how extreme stress can contribute to serious cardiac arrhythmias.

According to Scientific American, cardiac patients can also benefit from music-based interventions to help them recover from surgery, lower stress and help reduce blood pressure and heart rate. Some studies have found that patients who listen to relaxing music after heart attacks experienced decreased strain on heart and lungs.

While music therapy for heart patients is still an emerging area of study, the early results are promising, according to St. Luke’s Health. And even though more research is needed and music alone cannot treat cardiovascular diseases, there’s no real risk attached to spending 30 minutes a day relaxing with your favorite tunes.

FDA issues black box warning for breast implants

FDA issues black box warning for breast implants

The Food and Drug Administration placed a “black box” warning on breast implants to advise patients of health risks and side effects, according to the New York Times. Federal regulators ordered manufacturers to only sell implants to providers who agree to communicate all the risks to patients prior to surgery. The warning, along with a new checklist for patients and providers to review before surgery, states that breast implants have been linked to several serious health conditions, including a cancer of the immune system and several autoimmune diseases.

E-cigs linked to weaker bones

E-cigs linked to weaker bones

Use of e-cigarettes — also known as “vaping” — is linked to increased risk of hip, spine and wrist fractures, according to US News & World Report. Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh examined data from more than 5,500 health survey participants and found that those who reported using e-cigarettes were 46 percent more likely to experience fractures. More research is needed to determine whether the e-cigarettes directly cause fractures, but physicians urge users to quit regardless.